Basic information
Original title:
Umetnost v času zatona plemstva: transformacije, translokacije in reinterpretacije
Researchers involved:
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Duration:
1 July 2019–30 June 2022
Code:
J6-1810
Description

This project focuses on the role of the nobility in art after the mid-18th century and the reception of aristocratic art heritage in the territory of Slovenia. Its main objective is to explore how social and political circumstances that contributed to and accompanied the nobility's decline influenced their art commissions and changes in art. The further objective is to identify the main patrons and artists and their artistic endeavors. Finally, we wish to explore the varying reception of aristocratic heritage and the circumstances affecting its uses. The project fundamentally progresses beyond the state of the art; it complements and methodological upgrades the hitherto studies into art and aristocratic patronage in Slovenia and beyond.

The starting point is the conviction that a comprehensive understanding of the social circumstances and the actual state of artistic heritage in the period leading to the dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy and thereafter is fundamental for the efficient and objective contextualization of its state during WW2 and the post-war times. The turning points in history providing a contextual basis to the project are the Enlightenment and its administrative reforms, the French Revolution, Napoleon's rule, the 1848 revolution, the Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1918, the nobility's reception in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and in the post-war socialist Yugoslavia.

The project comprises two segments: transformation and adaptation of aristocratic architecture and furnishings, their artists and artworks in the second half of the 18th and 19th centuries, and reinterpretations and translocations of aristocratic heritage in the long 19th century and the years after the dissolution of the Monarchy. For the first time in Slovenia, the renovation and rebuilding of aristocratic residences will be analyzed. The role of the nobility in the use of new building types and architectural styles, the prominent artists as well as the transformation of interior design and furnishings will be researched. Comparative analyses of collecting habits and case studies of individual aristocratic collections will shed light on collecting in this period. Furthermore, the history of aristocratic heritage will be studied by analyzing translocations and confiscations of artworks and their role in the new environment, as well as new uses of castles and manors.

While the project methodologically partly relates to current international research into patronage, representation, reception of heritage and its history, its content is innovative. It is conceived as a unique combination of currently topical fields, such as research into patronage and collecting, architectural history and provenance research, and tackles a number of research problems for the first time in the wider region beyond Slovenia. The combined approach will thus be based on existing sources and surviving material typical of the region, thereby emphasizing the importance of archival research.

The project team comprises researchers at various career stages from three partner institutions (ZRC SAZU, Faculty of Arts of the University of Maribor, and Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transport Engineering and Architecture, University of Maribor), all with the project-related international references. The project results will be presented at conferences, published as scientific articles, and as a book co-authored by the team. They will be disseminated by lectures, guided tours, an exhibition and doors-open day. A database of uses of castles will be created to connect the results in terms of digital humanities and as a platform for further research.

PROJECT LEAFLET: art_and_the_nobility_in_times_of_decline.pdf

 

Project steps

Project steps

YEAR 1:

  • Kick-off meeting of the project team (carried out)
  • Launching project's webpage and leaflet (carried out)
  • Conceptualizing structure and parameters of database on uses of castles (in progress since July 2019)
  • Library work and research, museum documentation research (in progress since July 2019)
  • Field work and mapping monuments, collections and artworks, joint field visits of selected locations (in progress since July 2019)
  • Archival work in Slovenia and abroad, analyses of archival sources (in progress since July 2019)
  • First presentations of research findings, attending conferences, launching a series of lectures and guided tours of team members and invited speakers (in progress)
  • Spring 2020: First project team workshop

YEAR 2:

  • Archival work in Slovenia and abroad, analyses of archival sources
  • Collecting data and material and uploading data to the digital database
  • Field work and mapping monuments, collections and artworks
  • Library work and research, museum documentation research
  • Implementation of project-related contents in the university study programs of art history and architecture (selective seminar course, field work and field visits with students)
  • Presentations of research findings at conferences, the second round of the series of lectures and guided tours by the team and invited speakers
  • Writing and publishing project results in form of studies
  • Second interim project team workshop with invited guests

YEAR 3:

  • Synthesis of research results
  • Exhibition on the transformations of furnishings of castles and manors (1848–1945)
  • Upgrading and loading data and sources to the digital database on uses of castles
  • Attending conferences and workshops, lectures
  • Writing and editing papers for the final project team monograph; writing and publishing articles in scholarly journals
  • International conference
  • Final project team’s monograph
  • The final doors-open day with dissemination of project results
Results

Scientific papers:

Renata KOMIĆ MARN, Zbirateljstvo in umetnostni trg v Ljubljani med obema vojnama na primeru razprodaje Strahlove zbirke, Kronika. Časopis za slovensko krajevno zgodovino, 68/1, 2020, str. 69–88.  [COBISS.SI-ID 46041133].

KOŠAK, Tina. Janez Ernest II. grof Herberstein in naročila opreme za župnijsko cerkev sv. Lenarta v Slovenskih goricahActa historiae artis Slovenica. [Tiskana izd.]. 2020, 25, [št.] 1, str. 103-124, 276-277, ilustr. ISSN 1408-0419. DOI: 10.3986/ahas.25.1.05. [COBISS.SI-ID 23318275], [SNIP]

VODOPIVEC, Barbara. Zakonodaja in institucionalni okvir transferjev predmetov kulturne dediščine v povojni JugoslavijiKronika : časopis za slovensko krajevno zgodovino. [Tiskana izd.]. 2020, letn. 68, št. 2, str. 273-292, ilustr. ISSN 0023-4923. [COBISS.SI-ID 23098883], [SNIP]

VIDMAR, Polona. Vorfahr oder König? Zur Rezeption der Porträts des 17. Jahrhunderts unter Franz Josef Fürst Dietrichstein (1767–1854). Acta historiae artis Slovenica. 26/1, 2021, str. 81-111, 192 [COBISS.SI-ID 49174787]

 

Independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph:

SAPAČ, Igor (avtor, fotograf, ilustrator). Arhitekturnozgodovinski oris gradu Turjak. V: PREINFALK, Miha (ur.), OTER GORENČIČ, Mija (ur.), KOMIĆ MARN, Renata (ur.). Grad Turjak. 1. izd. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, 2020. Knj. 2, str. 623-958, ilustr. Castellologica Slovenica, 2. ISBN 978-961-05-0448-1. ISSN 2591-2569. [COBISS.SI-ID 20464899]

KOMIĆ MARN, Renata. Portretne galerije Auerspergov na gradu Turjak. V: PREINFALK, Miha (ur.), OTER GORENČIČ, Mija (ur.), KOMIĆ MARN, Renata (ur.). Grad Turjak, (Castellologica Slovenica, ISSN 25912569, 2). 1. izd. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC. 2020, knj. 1, str. 455–494 [COBISS.SI-ID 20186115].

ISKRA Anja, Usoda judovskih umetniških zbirk v času nemške okupacije Spodnje Štajerske, Umetnostna in zgodovinska srečevanja z Judi na Slovenskem (ur. Polona Vidmar), Ljubljana 2020.

VODOPIVEC, Barbara. Restitucija predmetov kulturne dediščine jugoslovanske provenience iz Avstrije : 1946-1952 : ničesar ne vé. V: VIDMAR, Polona (ur.). Umetnostna in zgodovinska srečevanja z Judi na Slovenskem, (Opera Instituti Artis Historiae). 1. izd. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC. 2020, str. 195-234, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 47283459]

KOŠAK, Tina. Prestar in Ptičar : enigmatična Bergantova lika v kontekstu evropskega žanrskega slikarstva. V: MEKE, Katra (ur.), et al. Fortunat Bergant (1721-1769) : [Narodna galerija, Prešernova 24, Ljubljana 11. marec - 30. maj 2021]. Ljubljana: Narodna galerija. 2021, str. 97-113, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 55197443]
 

Independent professional component part or a chapter in a monograph:

KOŠAK, Tina. Grofica Marija Auersperg Attems in bidermajersko cvetlično tihožitje. V: RAČEVSKI, Mateja (ur.), et al. Presek ustvarjene krajine, arhitekture in likovne umetnosti: primer Marije Auersperg Attems: zbornik recenziranih prispevkov, Volčji Potok 2020, str. 22–27. [COBISS.SI-ID 32444931]

Other:
KOŠAK, Tina. Janez Ernest II. grof Herberstein in naročila oltarne opreme za župnijsko cerkev v Lenartu, Umetnostna kronika, 64, 2019, str. 31–32. ISSN 1581-7512. [COBISS.SI-ID 45235245]

Unpublished conference contributions:

KOMIĆ MARN, Renata, KOŠAK, Tina, Razprodaje plemiških zbirk med obema vojnama in slovenski umetnostni zgodovinarji. V: KLEMENČIČ, Matej (ur.), TURK, Sara (ur.). Umetnostna zgodovina v Srednji Evropi leta 1918 – prelom ali kontinuiteta?  Zbornik povzetkov posveta ob stoletnici umetnostne zgodovine na ljubljanski univerzi, Ljubljana, 23.–24. januar 2020,  Ljubljana 2019, str. 14. [COBISS.SI-ID 45872941].

KOŠAK, Tina. Zbirke v rezidencah grofov Cobenzl na Kranjskem po sredini 18. stoletja: prve ugotovitve. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah: adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23582467]

LAZARINI, Franci. Dvorec Boštanj pri Grosupljem in njegova usoda v 20. st. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah : adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23587587]

SAPAČ, Igor. Med gradovi in dvorci in vilami v 19. stoletju na Slovenskem: primeri gradov Negova, dvorca Črnci in vile Pahta. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah: adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020.

PREINFALK, Miha. Jožef Kalasanc baron Erberg in dunajski dvor: vzori, vplivi. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah: adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23583747]

VODOPIVEC, Barbara. Spremembe namembnosti grajske dediščine v času po ukinitvi plemstva - izzivi in izhodišča za nadaljnje raziskovanje. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah: adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23586819]

KOMIĆ MARN, Renata. Plemiška dediščina iz druge roke : slike in umetniški predmeti iz zbirke grofa Ladislava Szapáryja v Pomurskem muzeju v Murski Soboti. Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah : adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23586307]

VIDMAR, Polona. Portretne zbirke Franca Jožefa kneza Dietrichsteina (1767–1854). Predavanje v okviru znanstvene delavnice Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah : adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana, 22. jun. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 23585283]

KOŠAK, Tina. Grofica Marija Auersperg Attems in bidermajersko cvetlično tihožitje. Predavanje na strokovnem posvetu Presek ustvarjene krajine, arhitekture in likovne umetnosti - primer Marije Auersperg Attems v organizaciji Arboretuma Volčji Potok, dvorec Dornava, 29. sept. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 32437507]

KOMIĆ MARN, Renata. Appropriation of cultural assets as a means of predominating over foreign noble elites in interwar Slovenia. Predavanje preko spletne platforme Zoom na 52. e-letni konvenciji Združenja za slovanske, vzhodnoevropske & evrazijske študije Anxiety & Rebellion, tematski sklop A Decade of Slovenian Anxiety: (1918-1929), 14. nov. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 39286787]

Tina KOŠAK, Picture Furnishings and Collections in the Cobenzl Residences in Carniola, referat na mednarodni konferenci ICM international meeting. 55th Mitteleuropean cultural meeting, part II. Gorizia in the heart of Europe. The Cobenzls: Statesmen, diplomats and patrons at the service of the Habsburgs, 4.-5. 12. 2020, spletna konferenca, povezava: https://youtu.be/Ddh06V9GEn4

Lectures:

SAPAČ, Igor, Grad Orehek in njegov pomen. Lecture at Kulturni dom Orehek in Prestranek, 24th October 2019. [COBISS.SI-ID 22989078].

LAZARINI, Franci. The confiscation and destiny of private art collections in Slovenia after 1945. Vabljeno predavanje iz serije predavanj Mittagsgespräch der Kommission für Provenienzforschung, Bundesdenkmalamt, Dunaj, 22. jan. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 46245933]

Interview:
KAČ, Maja (oseba, ki intervjuva), KOMIĆ MARN, Renata (intervjuvanec), KOŠAK, Tina (intervjuvanec). Kako se je odrinjeno plemstvo reševalo z razprodajami umetnin. O razprodajah plemiških zbirk z dr. Renato Komić Marn in doc. dr. Tino Košak. MMC RTV SLO: prvi multimedijski portal, ISSN 1581-372X, 3. februar 2020 ob 09:19, ilustr. https://www.rtvslo.si/1920/kako-se-je-odrinjeno-plemstvo-resevalo-z-razprodajami-umetnin/513336. [COBISS.SI-ID 45979693]

Na Slovenskem je vsaj 50 na propad obsojenih gradov in dvorcev. Intervju z Igorjem SAPAČEM,  Večer v nedeljo. ISSN 2350-5699. - Št. 358 (7. feb. 2021), str.3-5,
https://www.vecer.com/vecer-v-nedeljo/na-slovenskem-je-vsaj-50-na-propad-obsojenih-gradov-in-dvorcev-10234403

Rituper Rodež, A. Nana, Želeli so "graščakov spominek" : kako so se razprodale ali razgubile plemiške zbirke pomurskih gradov : zbirka soboškega grofa Szaparyja je bila ena najpomembnejših in najkakovostnejših na Slovenskem, Intervju z Renato KOMIĆ MARN in Tino KOŠAK, Pén : Vestnikov mesečnik. ISSN 1318-6140. - št. 4 (30. apr. 2020), str. 4-5, https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/16648451

Guided tour:
MEKE, Katra, KOMIĆ MARN, Renata, KOŠAK, Tina. Slike iz razprodanih plemiških zbirk v Narodni galeriji: ogled v okviru posveta ob stoletnici umetnostne zgodovine na ljubljanski univerzi "Umetnostna zgodovina v Srednji Evropi leta 1918 – prelom ali kontinuiteta?, Ljubljana, Filozofska fakulteta in Narodna galerija, 23.–24. jan. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 45873453]

Workshop:

Staro in novo v plemiških rezidencah: adaptacije, prenosi in nove namembnosti, Ljubljana, Mala dvorana ZRC SAZU, 22 June 2020

Radio or television event:

KOŠAK, Tina. Cvetje grofice Marije Auersperg Attems: prispevek v oddaji Na vrtu, TV Slovenija, 1. program, 5. 12. 2020. [COBISS.SI-ID 45019395]

Lead partner

Funded by

The fundamental research project Art and the Nobility in Times of Decline: Transformations